Karen Lemmey, SAAM's sculpture curator, has organized an installation entitled Measured Perfection: Hiram Powers' Greek Slave. Powers' Greek Slave was one of the most popular sculptures of the 19th century. As part of her preparation, Karen worked with Smithsonian X 3D, part of the Institution's Digitization program, to create a 3D model of the this sculpture. Karen continues to explain the process. You may also read her first post on creating a 3D model of the sculpture, as well as a piece about conserving the Greek Slave.
Sculptors have long made body casts of limbs and torsos to serve as anatomical study models. Many sculptors were also hired to make death mask impressions of the faces of deceased loved ones and public luminaries. But in the nineteenth century, the boundary between modeling in clay and body casting was strictly observed, and sculptors risked their reputations and credibility if they were suspected of "cheating" by substituting a body cast instead of modeling the figure themselves. Remarkably, despite this risk, several objects in the exhibition Measured Perfection: Hiram Powers' Greek Slave demonstrate how the sculptor may have incorporated body casts into his finished works.
Perhaps most scandalous is a plaster body cast of a woman's forearm and hand that eerily captures the unmistakable skin texture and muscle tone of a living model. Until now, this object had been catalogued as Cast of the Forearm and Left Hand of "Greek Slave" (thumb and two fingers missing), a misleading title suggesting this cast was made from the sculpture of the Greek Slave, rather than from a living person. Research for this exhibition gives us the opportunity to more accurately present this object. This fragmentary plaster cast is the exact size and holds the same pose as the left arm and hand of the Greek Slave, inviting us to wonder who may have served as the artist's model for this famed sculpture and to what extent Powers relied on studies from life to create his idealized figures. In an attempt to quantify the differences between the Greek Slave and this body cast, SAAM teamed up with Smithsonian X 3D, the Smithsonian Digitization Program, to conduct deviation analysis on digital scans of both objects. The results are still under investigation but come see the exhibition and compare the two objects for yourself!
Powers also relied on body casting in other instances. Early in 1839, he cast the hands and forearms of his sleeping six-month-old daughter, Louisa. He then made molds from which he generated additional casts, one of which he trimmed with a strip of real fabric to suggest the cuff of the baby's sleeve, and displayed on a pillow: Louisa Powers' Hand. In time, Powers mounted a cast of the baby's left hand in the center of a sunflower bloom, creating Loulie's Hand (Luly's Hand). Although the artist made this work as a family keepsake, Loulie's Hand attracted such admiration that Powers authorized many replicas in marble and plaster. In 1851, he revisited the sunflower motif and created a similar work using a cast of the right hand of an older child. In both Loulie's Hand and Child's Hand, Powers took a shortcut in production: rather than sculpting the hands in clay, he used these body casts as pointing models, adding pins and pencil marks to guide their direct translation into marble. These incredibly lifelike casts capture the folds of the flesh, fingernails, and skin texture in detail that can never be fully replicated in marble.
Since the nineteenth century, life casting has become an accepted studio practice that is widely used by many contemporary artists, suggesting that Powers was a sculptor ahead of his time.
Measured Perfection: Hiram Powers' Greek Slave is organized by the Smithsonian American Art Museum in collaboration with the United States Patent and Trademark Office.
Our Next Handi-Hour: Paint Pen Mugs
July 20, 2015
SAAM's Handi-hour is back on Thursday, July 23rd in the Luce Foundation Center for another fun evening of craft-making! Check out the video below with program coordinators Katie Crooks and Gloria Kenyon for a preview of this month's craft.
Join us in the Luce Center from 5:30 to 8 p.m. in the Smithsonian American Art Museum to design your own mug while enjoying selected craft beers. You can also sample teas and create your own tea blends with local restaurant and teahouse, Teaism, and while enjoying live music by Practically Einstein. Admission is $20 at the door and you must be 21 or older to enter.
Close Encounters with Nam June Paik
July 16, 2015
Russell Connor was an abstract painter, happily minding his own business, when in Boston in 1969, he met media visionary, Nam June Paik. As Connor told us the other night at a program in honor of Paik's birthday (he was born on July 20, 1932 in Seoul, Korea) at SAAM's McEvoy Auditorium, that meeting changed Connor's life (Connor called it "mind-stirring and life-changing"). It also changed his art. Connor called his talk a "before and after story." Life before Paik, was rather ho-hum for Connor, who, in his words, had "lost or misplaced his artistic compass." He was an abstract painter, but didn't feel his work was where it should be. After his encounters and collaborations with Paik, Connor's compass was pointing towards a new artistic vision.
Connor referred to Paik as his "savior," who took him "from the wilderness to the wilderness." At the start of the evening, we were treated to a few clips of experimental videos created by Paik and narrated by Connor in his distinguished deep voice, included Global Groove from 1973. "This is a glimpse of a video landscape of tomorrow," Connor began, "When you will be able to switch to any TV station on the earth, and TV Guides will be as fat as the Manhattan telephone book." Another video, The Selling of New York, showed Connor with musician Charlotte Moorman who famously played the cello while wearing the TV-bra that Paik designed for her.
In 1970, Connor organized the first exhibition of video art at the Rose Art Gallery at Brandeis University, solidifying his importance to the emerging medium. From that point on, he began to collaborate on films for television not only with Paik, but with William Wegman and Bill Viola, among others. From there, he came director of education at the Whitney Museum of Art.
In terms of his own work, Connor began to employ an effect he learned from television and video art called Chroma Key (now known as Green Screen). Here, backgrounds can be replaced and new possibilities added. He was really creating what today we'd call mash-ups, with people from different paintings somehow meeting in Connor's work. In one painting he titled Love and Death, for example, two of Manet's most famous subjects meet: the Dead Toreador turns up under the bed of Olympia. In these and other works, Connor had found his artistic compass.
At the end of his talk, Connor shared a piece of advice for young artists: "Do what only you can do. Nam June Paik figured that out as a very young man. It took me a little longer. I like to think we helped each other on that long and winding road."
After the talk, the crowd was treated to birthday cake and drinks in honor of Paik's birthday.
Luce Artist Talk: Erik Thor Sandberg + Megan Van Wagoner and Saturated with the Subconscious
July 15, 2015
This month's Luce Artist Talk features artists Erik Thor Sandberg and Megan Van Wagoner, whose installation Saturated with the Subconscious uses ceramic pillows and rich imagery to explore the nature of vulnerability. Erik and Megan will talk about their process and inspiration and connect their work to pieces on view at the Luce Foundation Center. Luce Artist Talks are presented in collaboration with CulturalDC.
Signs reading "Please do not touch" are common at nearly every museum and gallery. They are an especially helpful reminder for viewing Erik Thor Sandberg and Megan Van Wagoner's collaborative installation, Saturated with the Subconscious, currently on view at Flashpoint Gallery. At first glance, it looks simply like a simple grid of pillows affixed to the wall. Closer inspection reveals that the white pillowcases are made of porcelain instead of the expected satin or cotton. Such ultra realistic work is the trademark of Van Wagoner, who recreates everyday objects with clay, metal, and glass, and elevates them to precious objects. In contrast to the super realism of the pillowcase, Sandberg has painted a totally fantastic scene on the pillow underneath. Grotesque skeletons and human/animal hybrids are two examples of the arresting, disturbing, yet beautiful imagery. The scenes on the pillows are the stuff of dreams and nightmares.
Sandberg and Van Wagoner will speak at the Luce Foundation Center at 1:30 p.m. on Saturday, July 18. We are especially interested to hear how they relate their pieces to what is on view in the Luce Center. We definitely see a connection to Sylvia Hyman's Bookmobile.
Upcoming: Luce Unplugged Community Showcase
July 10, 2015
On Friday, July 17th the Luce Foundation Center is hosting another Luce Unplugged Community Showcase from 6-8 p.m. Presented with Washington City Paper, the free show will feature local bands Be Steadwell and Olivia Neutron-John. There will be free tastings from Port City Brewing Company as well as a cash bar where you can grab beer, wine and pre-dinner snacks. Not to mention, the AC will be on full blast all night.
First up, we'll have Be Steadwell, a D.C. native and Howard University grad who soulfully blends jazz, acapella and folk to create what she calls "queerpop." The one-woman act beatboxes and layers her vocals with a loop pedal in live performances, so we're excited to see what she brings to Luce. Check out her mixtape Notes. Acoustic Love Songs on Bandcamp and catch her set on July 17th at 6 p.m.
Following Be Steadwell, we'll kick things up a notch with Olivia Neutron-John, the project of vocalist, keyboardist and electronic noisemaker Anna Nasty. Their sound is experimental and not for the faint of heart (The Washington Post has referred to their music as "fraught, frightening and fantastic"). From Tai chi moves to wool jumpsuits, they are known to put on a show that's as difficult to define as their music. As the celebrated D.C. front man and author Ian Svenonius put it, "OLIVIA NEUTRON-JOHN is a vital bolt from the blue, a radical arrival which signals something outside of noise, punk, disco, pop ..." In addition to Olivia Neutron-John, Anna also plays with Svenonius' latest band Chain and the Gang.
Check out their album Injury Train and I'm Never Getting Off It on Bandcamp and see them perform in the Luce at 7 p.m.